Is the Mystery of Earth’s 1.2 Billion Missing Years Solved? | SciShow News

For the last hundred and fifty years or so, geologists have been trying to wrap their heads around the mystery: in some places, the geologic record just seems to jump by over billion years. And last week, a paper was published that may hold the answer to this mystery.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2018/12/26/1804350116
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature10969
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/296058495_Vishnu_basement_rocks_of_the_Upper_Granite_Gorge_Continent_formation_184_to_166_billion_years_ago
http://geoscience.unlv.edu/pub/rowland/Virtual/geology.html#whatis
https://eos.org/articles/erasing-a-billion-years-of-geologic-time-across-the-globe

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Aliens under the Ice – Life on Rogue Planets

The first 1000 people to use this link will get a 2 month free trial of Skillshare: https://skl.sh/kurzgesagt4

Out in the vast coldness of outer space, there are planets that travel alone through darkness without the boundaries of a system. Here’s how this can happen – and why these frozen deserts might secretly harbor alien life.

Sources:
https://sites.google.com/view/sourcesrogueplanets/startseite

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What If Earth Spun the Other Way?

How different would things be if Earth had always rotated in the opposite direction?

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at https://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:
http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=3445
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/03/what-would-happen-if-the-earth-spun-backward/273864/
https://www.livescience.com/62405-what-if-earth-rotation-reversed.html
https://indd.adobe.com/view/f6592f4d-f2e3-4315-8afc-1b6f9588040f
https://mpimet.mpg.de/en/communication/news/focus-on-overview/retrograde/
https://www.climate-lab-book.ac.uk/2011/earth-backwards/
https://eos.org/articles/reversing-earths-spin-moves-deserts-reshapes-ocean-currents
https://www.clim-past.net/7/487/2011/cp-7-487-2011.pdf

Images:
https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/1375
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Currents.svg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oceanic_gyres.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aerial_Superhighway.ogv
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golfstream.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mediterranee_02_EN.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Africa_satellite_orthographic.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2010_Filamentous_Cyanobacteria_Bloom_near_Fiji.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_Eastern_Hemisphere_2002.png

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The Secret Behind Bioluminescent Bays

In a few special places around the world, the ocean lights up at night with countless tiny blue flashes thanks to some tiny organisms and science.

Hosted by: Olivia Gordon

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at https://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Sources:
https://scripps.ucsd.edu/labs/mlatz/bioluminescence/dinoflagellates-and-red-tides/dinoflagellate-bioluminescence/
https://scripps.ucsd.edu/labs/mlatz/bioluminescence/dinoflagellates-and-red-tides/
http://www.pnas.org/content/102/40/14181
https://aem.asm.org/content/72/4/2295.short
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/next/nature/bioluminescent-bays-shine-light-on-puerto-ricos-resilience/
https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/botm.ahead-of-print/bot-2012-0171/bot-2012-0171.xml
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098104002886
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1626430/
https://invertebrates.si.edu/copepod/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3705384/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5029497/
http://www.imas.utas.edu.au/zooplankton/image-key/noctiluca-scintillans
http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/283789.pdf
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jpy.12084
https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/05/us/puerto-rico-debates-who-put-out-the-lights-in-a-bay.html
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/alllife/eukaryotasy.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5029497/
https://www.dartmouth.edu/~etrnsfer/water.htm
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2525493/
http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.497.9868&rep=rep1&type=pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X07002779?via%3Dihub
——-
Images:
https://youtu.be/bdTz4sUAgc4
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/red-tide-gm184420763-27114739
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Noctiluca_scintillans_varias.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/underwater-gm491261626-75655281
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Copepodkils.jpg
https://youtu.be/ZHPmA_98pBw
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/bio-luminescence-illumination-of-plankton-at-maldives-gm522128989-50609514
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/glowing-waters-gm866991148-144241751
https://youtu.be/YGglirWdQaE
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CSIRO_ScienceImage_7608_Pyrodinium.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Noctiluca_scintillans.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mosquito_bay,_Bioluminescent_bay,_Vieques_-_panoramio_(3).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_sparkles_(11538049406).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bioluminescent_dinoflagellates_2.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/electric-blue-glow-on-pacific-coast-waves-or-red-tide-gm1037966184-277838154
https://youtu.be/z_6JBrZ2dhI

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7 Ridiculous Feats of Strength in the Animal Kingdom

You’re probably already familiar with some of the more common examples of super strong animals, like the crocodile with its powerful bite or the leafcutter ant’s impressive overhead carry. However, there are lots of lesser-known animals capable of amazing acts of strength.

Thumbnail image credit: Wellcome Images

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Sources:
Hero shrews:
http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/1070
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/running-ponies/new-species-thors-hero-shrew-will-back-itself-in-any-feat-of-strength/
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-zoology/article/functional-and-biomechanical-modifications-of-the-spine-of-scutisorex-somereni-the-hero-shrew-spinal-musculature/9D839B9006E87DD1321C09220F2C4A48
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/9/5/20130486.short
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-anatomy/article/mechanical-behaviour-of-a-novel-mammalian-intervertebral-joint/B682E7739A53CF862DA2A8B77AF27894

Clingfish:
https://www.wired.com/2014/06/absurd-creature-of-the-week-clingfish/
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/217/14/2548.short
http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/z88-235#.W5vXVP5KjOQ
https://www.jstor.org/stable/2423966?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
http://scienceblogs.com/dotphysics/2010/03/24/pressure-demo-suction/
http://northwestwildlife.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/giant-Pacific-octopus.pdf
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/42/6/1146/698313

King Snakes:
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/03/snakes-constrictors-kill-predators-muscles/
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/220/6/1154
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0944200604000376?via%3Dihub

Copepod:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2988260/
https://academic.oup.com/plankt/article/33/5/677/1482868
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/213/17/3019.short
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002270050464
https://www.wired.com/2011/11/sport-science-looks-at-the-vertical-leap/

Secretary Bird:
https://www.scientificamerican.com/video/secretary-bird-stomps-snakes-with-a-killer-kick/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982215014839

Loggerhead Shrike:
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/09/this-tiny-songbird-rolls-its-head-to-break-its-victims-neck/569341/
http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/14/9/20180321

Trapjaw Ants:
http://www.pnas.org/content/103/34/12787
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-3032.1998.233081.x
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/05/150513-ants-animals-science-insects-trap-jaw/
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0124871
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00114-008-0473-x
http://jeb.biologists.org/content/209/18/3510.short
http://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/psyche/1989/096595.pdf [PDF]

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Neil deGrasse Tyson Talks Hurricanes

Ever wonder how a hurricane is formed? Neil deGrasse Tyson is here to fill you in on the physics of hurricanes and the Coriolis force, along with comedian Chuck Nice. You can learn even more at https://brilliant.org/StarTalk, where you can find out about the Coriolis Effect in hurricanes.

——————–

Credits:
Hosts
Neil deGrasse Tyson, Chuck Nice

Director
Dave Wiskus

Science Editor:
Neil deGrasse Tyson

Writers:
Brilliant.org, Chuck Nice

Science Writing Team:
Aaron Miller, Blake Farrow, Danielle Scarano, Lee Weinstein, Josh Silverman

Animation
Black Powder Design, Bård Edlund, David Powell

Editor
Yat-Long Sam Poon

Post-Production Coordinator
Ben Ratner

Music
Airplane Mode

Producers
Amanda McLoughlin, PJ Scott-Blankenship, Brilliant.org, Ben Ratner

#Hurricanes #NeildeGrasseTyson #StarTalk

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A little behind the scenes of us having some fun.
www.halifaxmermaids.com

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Alison’s Adventures Jordan – “Shocking Discovery at Petra”

In this adventure Alison Teal sets off to the Middle East with the TreadRight Foundation and the real deal world changer Celine Cousteau, grand daughter of the legendary Jacques Cousteau, to make humanitarian and environmental change across Jordan! Her discovery at Petra is shocking and valuable on a global scale.

To join a TreadRight trip visit:https://www.treadright.org

Thank you to Insight Vacations and Uniworld River Cruises for this experience.

Written, directed, produced, and edited by Alison Teal
Cinematography by Connor Guest
Drone by Joshua Morin

Alison’s Adventures
“Your Passport To The World”

Follow my Adventures Below
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My Website : http://www.AlisonsAdventures.com
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SciShow Quiz Show: Invest in Your Digestion!

To get 2 months of unlimited access to Skillshare for free, click here: https://skl.sh/scishow15

It’s Green vs. Green in this week’s quiz show as Hank battles Katherine to see who takes home all the marriage points.

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Sources:
Potatoes
https://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/03/health/nutrition/03real.html
https://cropwatch.unl.edu/potato/greening
http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/solanine_poisoning_how_does_it_happen
https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+3539

Absinthe
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-13159863
https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2012/12/17/167488498/elixirs-made-to-fight-malaria-still-shine-on-the-modern-bar
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2778258/
https://cen.acs.org/articles/94/i1/Well-Known-Malaria-Drug-Artemisinin.html
http://www.who.int/malaria/media/artemisinin_resistance_qa/en/

Coconut Water
http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/12/5144
https://podcasts.ufhealth.org/can-coconut-water-mimic-human-plasma/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675700900627
https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2011/08/15/139638930/saved-by-the-coconut-water-parsing-coconut-waters-medical-claims
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK154437/

Project X-Ray
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/bf-skinners-pigeon-guided-rocket-53443995/
https://gizmodo.com/the-pigeon-guided-missiles-and-bat-bombs-of-world-war-i-1477007090
https://www.nps.gov/articles/batbombsandballoons.htm
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/04/old-weird-tech-the-bat-bombs-of-world-war-ii/237267/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/bats-balloon-bombs-world-war-ii-180956203/

Mussels
https://www.pugetsoundinstitute.org/2018/05/bay-mussels-in-puget-sound-show-traces-of-oxycodone/
https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/25/614593382/traces-of-opioids-found-in-seattle-area-mussels
https://www.king5.com/article/tech/science/environment/mussels-help-researchers-track-toxins-in-puget-sound/281-92928872

Guppies
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/uoe-gct060118.php
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)30550-5?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982218305505%3Fshowall%3Dtrue
https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/06/guppy-eyes-they-feel-the-anger-between-you-and-i/561899/

Diving Humans
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-04/cp-nsg041218.php
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-04/uoc–esk041218.php
https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(18)30386-6
http://www.chp.edu/our-services/transplant/liver/education/organs/spleen-information
——
Images/Sounds:
https://www.musicradar.com/news/tech/sampleradar-464-free-cartoon-caper-samples-643188
https://freesound.org/people/beerre/sounds/344965/
https://freesound.org/people/waxsocks/sounds/254836/
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/raw-unpeeled-potato-with-green-skin-gm636528878-112971957
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/yellow-fever-malaria-or-zika-virus-infection-mosquito-insect-on-leaf-gm918385018-252626407
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/saline-bag-in-emergency-room-gm905390310-249646871
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/fresh-ripe-tropical-coconuts-with-water-isolated-on-white-coconut-gm690334052-127220541
https://www.flickr.com/photos/usnationalarchives/4309811066/in/photostream/
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/clouds-of-mexican-free-tailed-bats-texas-gm505873211-45292792
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bat_Bomb_Canister.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carlsbad_AAF_Fire_after_Bat_Bomb_Accident.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/mussels-of-bude-gm908595970-250288057
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/172016.php?from=395886
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/172018.php?from=395886
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/guppy-poecilia-reticulata-colorful-rainbow-tropical-aquarium-fish-gm847054156-138832691
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/mackerel-swimming-in-the-aquarium-3zj7edn
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/167818.php
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/human-spleen-anatomy-gm465964914-59481054

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Peggy’s Cove Nova Scotia Mermaid (Finfolk)

Raina the Halifax Mermaid appears at Peggy’s Cove Nova Scotia in Finfolk Productions Mermaid Tail.
Like and Subscribe for more videos www.mermaidraina.com to learn to be a mermaid.

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