How Aspirin Changed Medicine Forever

Aspirin isn’t just an old medicine cabinet stand-by, it’s one of the oldest medicines we humans learned how to make ourselves. And our research into aspirin did more than just make it better at relieving pain, it opened the door to whole new disciplines of scientific research!

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at https://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Alex Schuerch, Alex Hackman, Andrew Finley Brenan, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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Sources:
https://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/83/8325/8325emergence.html
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/83/8325/8325aspirin.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1119266/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1894700/#!po=12.9630
https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/magazine/aspirin-turn-of-the-century-miracle-drug
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bd0b/27477159fd010cf8eb9a50e03dd2fdec36da.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4317158/
https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/chapterhtml/2015/9781782622345-00001?isbn=978-1-
https://www.medscape.com/answers/2500031-100978/what-is-the-role-of-aspirin-in-preventing-cardiovascular-disease-cvd

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This Year in Science 2018

A roundup of all the biggest stories in science in 2018. Check out this video’s sponsor https://brilliant.org/dos
Loads of amazing progress was made in all areas of science in 2018 which is encouraging when the news makes us think that everything is falling apart. In this video I round up all of my favorite news stories from the year. Let me know in the comments if you think I have missed any out.

You can get the posters and other merch here:
https://store.dftba.com/collections/domain-of-science

Or posters for outside the US here:
https://www.redbubble.com/people/dominicwalliman
I have also made versions available for educational use which you can find here: https://www.flickr.com/photos/95869671@N08/

If you want to check out my Professor Astro Cat books go here:
http://profastrocat.com

Thanks so much to my supporters on Patreon. If you enjoy my videos and would like to help me make more this is the best way and I appreciate it very much. https://www.patreon.com/domainofscience

Links and credits:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2018_in_science
– CRISPR not as good as thought https://www.livescience.com/63075-crispr-damage-cell-mutations.html
– Cancer research from August
https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322923.php
– Animals that don’t age https://www.rd.com/culture/animals-that-live-forever/
– Entirely new kind of life: https://www.quantamagazine.org/what-a-newfound-kingdom-means-for-the-tree-of-life-20181211/
– Kinda room temperature superconductor https://www.sciencenews.org/article/new-hydrogen-rich-compound-may-be-record-breaking-superconductor
– Best science stories by Vox https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2018/12/18/18134579/top-science-news-2018
– 2018 in spaceflight https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2018_in_spaceflight
– FRB 121102 https://www.seti.org/frb-121102-radio-calling-cards-distant-civilization
– sources of greenhouse gas emissions https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions
– Science 2018 breakthroughs https://youtu.be/r_K2SmZNc3E

Visuals credits and links.

Video clips

Robots:
Trump signing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRvM1wjpC48
Boston Dynamics https://www.youtube.com/user/BostonDynamics
Soft Body robots https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uuAY5Y_INYQ
Uber self driving cars https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27OuOCeZmwI

CRISPR:
Gladstone Institute https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wh333iLv_uU

Launching stuff into space:
NASA TESS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4KjvPIbgMI
NASA Kepler https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_V7J05fK5e0
NASA InSight Launch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4_JNAFClFk
NASA InSight https://youtu.be/csV0BCWZ0oA
NASA Mars Helicopter Scout https://youtu.be/oOMQOqKRWjU
NASA Spacecraft Dawn https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hth3nKGKTFc
NASA Parker Solar Probe https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_z19KPvV1w
ESA BepiColombo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZD1cNvOPzAw
NASA OSIRIS-REx https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NYGHbl_esgw
China’s CNSA Chang’e-4 Lunar Mission https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cGp7WySaVW4
SpaceX Falcon Heavy launch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbSwFU6tY1c

Finding Stuff in Space
Europa Water Plumes https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QJS9LcB66g
Material falling into black hole https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hu6hIhW00Fk
European Southern Observatory Super Earth https://www.eso.org/public/news/eso1837/
European Southern Observatory Oumuamua https://www.eso.org/public/videos/eso1820a/

Physics
Harvard meta material lens https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-36438686
IceCube neutrino blazar https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wfVM6To7XfE
Earth’s Magnetic Field https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a010000/a010900/a010954/

Biology
Fruit Fly connectome https://phys.org/news/2018-07-brain-imaged-nanoscale-resolution.html

Medicine
3D printed corneas https://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/articles/latest/2018/05/first3dprintingofcorneas/
Pigs https://www.videvo.net/video/pig-digging/4748/
Pigs https://www.videvo.net/video/piglets-feeding/3044/
Pills https://www.videvo.net/video/prescription-drugs-top-view/4928/

Climate Change
Ozone recovery https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2018/nasa-study-first-direct-proof-of-ozone-hole-recovery-due-to-chemicals-ban
World Meteorological Organization https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdEFR4qFjEA
Clouds https://www.videvo.net/video/blue-sky-and-clouds-timelapse/2299/
Glacier https://www.videvo.net/video/icelandic-glacier-lake/452778/

Explosion sound effect https://freesound.org/s/156031/
Vinyl scratch https://freesound.org/people/musicvision31/sounds/431773/

References to all the images used in the video can be found here:
http://dominicwalliman.com/post/181579076135/links-to-images-used-in-this-year-in-science-2018

Music

Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
“Backbay Lounge”
“Dvorak Polka”
“Lively Lumpsucker”
“Hyperfun”
“Royal Banana”
“Nouvelle Noel”
“Deuces”
“Hard Boiled”
“Ever Mindful”
“Concentration”

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The fascinating science of bubbles, from soap to champagne | Li Wei Tan

In this whimsical talk and live demo, scientist Li Wei Tan shares the secrets of bubbles — from their relentless pursuit of geometric perfection to their applications in medicine and shipping, where designers are creating more efficient vessels by mimicking the bubbles created by swimming penguins. Learn more about these mathematical marvels and tap into the magic hidden in the everyday world.

Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more.

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The radical possibilities of man-made DNA | Floyd E. Romesberg

Every cell that’s ever lived has been the result of the four-letter genetic alphabet: A, T, C and G — the basic units of DNA. But now that’s changed. In a visionary talk, synthetic biologist Floyd E. Romesberg introduces us to the first living organisms created with six-letter DNA — the four natural letters plus two new man-made ones, X and Y — and explores how this breakthrough could challenge our basic understanding of nature’s design.

Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED

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How a long-forgotten virus could help us solve the antibiotics crisis | Alexander Belcredi

Viruses have a bad reputation — but some of them could one day save your life, says biotech entrepreneur Alexander Belcredi. In this fascinating talk, he introduces us to phages, naturally-occurring viruses that hunt and kill harmful bacteria with deadly precision, and shows how these once-forgotten organisms could provide new hope against the growing threat of antibiotic-resistant superbugs.

Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED

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Towards a “Just Culture” in Healthcare | Incident Report 204

Here’s my second draft on the nurse error incident at Vanderbilt. Is blame productive or do we need a very different culture to prevent harm to our patients while supporting our caregivers?

http://zdoggmd.com/incident-report-204

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The pharmacy of the future? Personalized pills, 3D printed at home | Daniel Kraft

We need to change how we prescribe drugs, says physician Daniel Kraft: too often, medications are dosed incorrectly, cause toxic side effects or just don’t work. In a talk and concept demo, Kraft shares his vision for a future of personalized medication, unveiling a prototype 3D printer that could design pills that adapt to our individual needs.

Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED

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The key to a better malaria vaccine | Faith Osier

The malaria vaccine was invented more than a century ago — yet each year, hundreds of thousands of people still die from the disease. How can we improve this vital vaccine? In this informative talk, immunologist and TED Fellow Faith Osier shows how she’s combining cutting-edge technology with century-old insights in the hopes of creating a new vaccine that eradicates malaria once and for all.

Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com

The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world’s leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design — plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more.

Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks
Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED

Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED

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Will There Ever be a Cure for the Common Cold?

Medicine has made leaps and bounds in treating illnesses in the last century, but are they ever going to get around to curing the common cold? We might be closer than you think.

Hosted by: Hank Green

Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe!
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: rokoko, Alex Hackman, Andrew Finley Brenan, Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet?
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Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow
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Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow
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Sources:

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00517/full
https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/oct/06/why-cant-we-cure-the-common-cold
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ronald_Eccles/publication/7512788_Understanding_the_symptoms_of_the_common_cold_and_inf/links/5a57a788a6fdccf0ad199299/Understanding-the-symptoms-of-the-common-cold-and-inf.pdf?origin=publication_detail
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Asuncion_Mejias/publication/317790178_Rhinovirus_-_not_just_the_common_cold/links/59ada7aca6fdcce55a416971/Rhinovirus-not-just-the-common-cold.pdf?origin=publication_detail
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-do-antibiotics-kill-b/
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0022572&type=printable
https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs00705-015-2392-4.pdf
http://www.pnas.org/content/110/10/E861.short
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-016-0011-z
https://www.healthline.com/health-news/are-we-closer-to-curing-the-common-cold#1
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41557-018-0039-2
http://jvi.asm.org/content/88/10/5217.full
https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12985-017-0805-6
https://labiotech.eu/medical/flu-vaccine-rsv-virionhealth/

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HONEY MUMMY- It’s the Mellified Man!

Oh do you know the mellified man that lives on Drury Lane?

Thank you Patron deathlings, who make this all possible.
http://www.patreon.com/thegooddeath

Find our new podcast on iTunes: https://apple.co/2yK6c6G

Find our new podcast on Spotify: https://spoti.fi/2QZEVEM

***WHERE ELSE YOU CAN FIND ME***

Website: http://www.orderofthegooddeath.com
Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/thegooddeath
Facebook: http://ow.ly/Zz8PW
Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/thegooddeath

***CREDITS***

Mortician: Caitlin Doughty
Writing & Research: Louise Hung (@LouiseHung1)
Editor & Graphics: Landis Blair (@landisblair)

**LEARN MORE**

“Creepy Corner: Sweet, Sweet Mellification – or the “Honey Mummy”
https://web.archive.org/web/20170128183411/http://www.xojane.com/fun/mellification

“Honey, I’m Dead”
https://www.nationalgeographic.org/projects/out-of-eden-walk/articles/2015-05-honey-im-dead/

“Sweet Death – Honey in Death Rituals”
https://nourishingdeath.wordpress.com/2013/09/17/sweet-sweet-death-honey-in-death-rituals/

A History of Egyptian Mummies and an Account of the Worship and Embalming of the Sacred Animals
Thomas Joseph Pettigrew

The Monkey and the Inkpot: Natural History and Its Transformations in Early Modern China
Carla Nappi. Harvard University Press. 2009

Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers
Mary Roach. W. W. Norton & Company. 2003

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