How Aspirin Changed Medicine Forever

Aspirin isn’t just an old medicine cabinet stand-by, it’s one of the oldest medicines we humans learned how to make ourselves. And our research into aspirin did more than just make it better at relieving pain, it opened the door to whole new disciplines of scientific research!

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:
https://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/83/8325/8325emergence.html
http://pubs.acs.org/cen/coverstory/83/8325/8325aspirin.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1119266/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1894700/#!po=12.9630
https://www.sciencehistory.org/distillations/magazine/aspirin-turn-of-the-century-miracle-drug
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bd0b/27477159fd010cf8eb9a50e03dd2fdec36da.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4317158/
https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/chapterhtml/2015/9781782622345-00001?isbn=978-1-
https://www.medscape.com/answers/2500031-100978/what-is-the-role-of-aspirin-in-preventing-cardiovascular-disease-cvd

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The radical possibilities of man-made DNA | Floyd E. Romesberg

Every cell that’s ever lived has been the result of the four-letter genetic alphabet: A, T, C and G — the basic units of DNA. But now that’s changed. In a visionary talk, synthetic biologist Floyd E. Romesberg introduces us to the first living organisms created with six-letter DNA — the four natural letters plus two new man-made ones, X and Y — and explores how this breakthrough could challenge our basic understanding of nature’s design.

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5 More Strange Flying Machines

In our last list of strange aircraft, we stuck to covering the weirdest jets to take to the sky, but there are plenty of other types of bizarre flying machines out there! In this episode, Hank will tell you about five other unlikely fliers, and what we’ve learned from them.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at https://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Sources:
Caspian Sea Monster:
https://interestingengineering.com/a-closer-look-at-the-soviet-navys-1987-lun-class-ekranoplan
https://web.archive.org/web/20140116113227/http://www.aviationtrivia.info/rcairplane/Caspian-Sea-Monster.php
https://www.autoevolution.com/news/russian-ground-effect-vehicles-127623.html
http://www.historynet.com/extremes-flying-ships.htm

Gossamer Albatross:
https://www.engadget.com/2013/02/01/the-highs-and-lows-of-human-powered-flight/
https://www.wired.com/2010/08/0823gossamer-condor-human-powered-flight/
https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1979/06/13/pedal-driven-plane-flies-channel/3f6fedfb-47b9-41e3-9225-a28d907c271b/
https://www.historychannel.com.au/this-day-in-history/first-human-powered-aircraft-wins-prize/

Avrocar:
https://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/Visit/Museum-Exhibits/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/195801/avro-canada-vz-9av-avrocar/
http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/270921.pdf [PDF]
https://unwritten-record.blogs.archives.gov/2014/04/03/avrocar-the-u-s-militarys-flying-saucer/
https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/a8699/declassified-americas-secret-flying-saucer-15075926/

M2-F1:
https://www.nasa.gov/centers/armstrong/news/FactSheets/FS-011-DFRC.html
http://www.aero-news.net/index.cfm?do=main.textpost&id=2f051d5a-92b1-4139-b64e-6e09a173e45f
https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19980169231.pdf [PDF]
http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/evolution%20of%20technology/Lifting%20Bodies.htm

Aerocycle:
http://www.aviastar.org/helicopters_eng/lockner_helicovector.php
https://www.warhistoryonline.com/military-vehicle-news/bizarre-de-lackner-hz-1-aerocycle.html
https://www.motor1.com/news/75788/the-hz-1-aerocycle-wasnt-the-armys-brightest-idea/
http://all-aero.com/index.php/45-planes-d-e-f/2856-de-lackner-dh-4-heli-vector-hz-1-aerocycle

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The case for curiosity-driven research | Suzie Sheehy

Seemingly pointless scientific research can lead to extraordinary discoveries, says physicist Suzie Sheehy. In a talk and tech demo, she shows how many of our modern technologies are tied to centuries-old, curiosity-driven experiments — and makes the case for investing in more to arrive at a deeper understanding of the world.

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The pharmacy of the future? Personalized pills, 3D printed at home | Daniel Kraft

We need to change how we prescribe drugs, says physician Daniel Kraft: too often, medications are dosed incorrectly, cause toxic side effects or just don’t work. In a talk and concept demo, Kraft shares his vision for a future of personalized medication, unveiling a prototype 3D printer that could design pills that adapt to our individual needs.

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What a scrapyard in Ghana can teach us about innovation | DK Osseo-Asare

In Agbogbloshie, a community in Accra, Ghana, people descend on a scrapyard to mine electronic waste for recyclable materials. Without formal training, these urban miners often teach themselves the workings of electronics by taking them apart and putting them together again. Designer DK Osseo-Asare wondered: What would happen if we connected these self-taught techies with students and young professionals in STEAM fields? The result: a growing maker community where people engage in peer-to-peer, hands-on education, motivated by what they want to create. Learn more about how this African makerspace is pioneering a grassroots circular economy.

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How AI can save our humanity | Kai-Fu Lee

AI is massively transforming our world, but there’s one thing it cannot do: love. In a visionary talk, computer scientist Kai-Fu Lee details how the US and China are driving a deep learning revolution — and shares a blueprint for how humans can thrive in the age of AI by harnessing compassion and creativity. “AI is serendipity,” Lee says. “It is here to liberate us from routine jobs, and it is here to remind us what it is that makes us human.”

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How we can use light to see deep inside our bodies and brains | Mary Lou Jepsen

In a series of mind-bending demos, inventor Mary Lou Jepsen shows how we can use red light to see and stimulate what’s inside our bodies and brains. Taking us to the edge of optical physics, Jepsen unveils new technologies that utilize light and sound to track tumors, measure neural activity and could eventually replace the MRI machine with a cheaper, more efficient and wearable system.

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Fake videos of real people — and how to spot them | Supasorn Suwajanakorn

Do you think you’re good at spotting fake videos, where famous people say things they’ve never said in real life? See how they’re made in this astonishing talk and tech demo. Computer scientist Supasorn Suwajanakorn shows how, as a grad student, he used AI and 3D modeling to create photorealistic fake videos of people synced to audio. Learn more about both the ethical implications and the creative possibilities of this tech — and the steps being taken to fight against its misuse.

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What if we eliminated one of the world’s oldest diseases? | Caroline Harper

Thousands of years ago, ancient Nubians drew pictures on tomb walls of a terrible disease that turns the eyelids inside out and causes blindness. This disease, trachoma, is still a scourge in many parts of the world today — but it’s also completely preventable, says Caroline Harper. Armed with data from a global mapping project, Harper’s organization Sightsavers has a plan: to focus on countries where funding gaps stand in the way of eliminating the disease and ramp up efforts where the need is most severe. Learn more about their goal of consigning trachoma to the history books — and how you can help. (This ambitious plan is one of the first ideas of The Audacious Project, TED’s new initiative to inspire global change.)

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