How “baby bonds” could help close the wealth gap | Darrick Hamilton

Hard work, resilience and grit lead to success, right? This narrative pervades the way we think, says economist Darrick Hamilton, but the truth is that our chances at economic security have less to do with what we do and more to do with the wealth position we’re born into. Enter “baby bonds”: trust accounts of up to $60,000 for every newborn, calibrated to the wealth of their family. Learn how this bold proposal could help us reduce inequality — and give every child personal seed money for important things like going to college, buying a home or starting a business. “Without capital, inequality is locked in,” Hamilton says. “When it comes to economic security, wealth is both the beginning and the end.”

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Future Space News of 2019

2019 will be a big year for the moon! Not only is it the 50th anniversary of the first moon landing, but our closest neighbor is receiving a bunch of new visitors this year.

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Sources:
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/01/india-plans-tricky-and-unprecedented-landing-near-moon-s-south-pole
https://www.isro.gov.in/update/30-aug-2010/payloads-chandrayaan-2-mission-finalised
https://indianexpress.com/article/technology/science/isro-begins-flight-integration-activity-for-chandrayaan-2-as-scientists-tests-lander-and-rover-4905883/
http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2018/0813-chandrayaan-2-launch-delayed.html
https://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/bangalore/others/isro-successfully-conducts-crucial-test-ahead-of-chandrayaan-2s-launch/articleshow/66379169.cms
https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/chandrayaan-2/in-depth/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-44777305
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-10/10/c_137523855.htm
http://www.spaceil.com/news/spaceil-designs-a-science-twist-to-its-mission-map-lunar-magnetism-op-ed-on-space-com/
http://www.spaceil.com/news/%D7%99%D7%A9-%D7%9C%D7%A0%D7%95-%D7%9E%D7%95%D7%A2%D7%93-%D7%A9%D7%99%D7%92%D7%95%D7%A8-%D7%95%D7%A0%D7%97%D7%99%D7%AA%D7%94/
https://www.space.com/27704-israeli-lunar-xprize-craft-to-study-magnetism.html?cmpid=514648

https://gbtimes.com/china-confirms-landing-site-change-5-moon-sample-return
http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-blogs/change4-launch-announced.html
https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/cnsa_moon_future.html
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Images:
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=7218
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chandrayaan_2_Orbiter_and_Lander.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chandrayaan_2_Rover.jpg
https://images.nasa.gov/details-PIA17669.html
https://www.flickr.com/photos/spacex/40126461851/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spacecraft_03.jpg
https://images.nasa.gov/details-PIA00126.html
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Back_side_of_the_Moon_AS16-3021.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mons_R%C3%BCmker_Apollo_15.jpg
https://images.nasa.gov/details-GSFC_20171208_Archive_e001861.html

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The radical possibilities of man-made DNA | Floyd E. Romesberg

Every cell that’s ever lived has been the result of the four-letter genetic alphabet: A, T, C and G — the basic units of DNA. But now that’s changed. In a visionary talk, synthetic biologist Floyd E. Romesberg introduces us to the first living organisms created with six-letter DNA — the four natural letters plus two new man-made ones, X and Y — and explores how this breakthrough could challenge our basic understanding of nature’s design.

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The Benefits of Being Easily Distracted

We place a lot of value on productivity, and being distracted can lower your performance on specific tasks. But it turns out that getting distracted once in a while can actually be a good thing!

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SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It’s called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at https://www.scishowtangents.org
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Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters:
Alex Hackman, Andrew Finley Brenan, Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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Sources
https://www.spring.org.uk/2009/03/the-attentional-spotlight.php
https://www.princeton.edu/news/2018/08/22/spotlight-attention-more-strobe-say-researchers
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2001-11836-003
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/019188699290052Q http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797612446024
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23957365
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00441/full
http://psycnet.apa.org/buy/2013-07203-001
https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.3758/CABN.10.2.217.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18394486
https://www.wired.com/2010/09/are-distractible-people-more-creative/

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The global goals we’ve made progress on — and the ones we haven’t | Michael Green

“We are living in a world that is tantalizingly close to ensuring that no one need die of hunger or malaria or diarrhea,” says economist Michael Green. To help spur progress, back in 2015 the United Nations drew up a set of 17 goals around important factors like health, education and equality. In this data-packed talk, Green shares his analysis on the steps each country has (or hasn’t) made toward these Sustainable Development Goals — and offers new ideas on what needs to change so we can achieve them.

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The case for a decentralized internet | Tamas Kocsis

Who controls the internet? Increasingly, the answer is large corporations and governments — a trend that’s threatening digital privacy and access to information online, says web developer Tamas Kocsis. In this informative talk, Kocsis breaks down the different threats to internet freedom and shares his plan to build an alternative, decentralized network that returns power to everyday users.

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Is war between China and the US inevitable? | Graham Allison

Taking lessons from a historical pattern called “Thucydides’s Trap,” political scientist Graham Allison shows why a rising China and a dominant United States could be headed towards a violent collision no one wants — and how we can summon the common sense and courage to avoid it.

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What everyday citizens can do to claim power on the internet | Fadi Chehadé and Bryn Freedman

Technology architect Fadi Chehadé helped set up the infrastructure that makes the internet work — essential things like the domain name system and IP address standards. Today he’s focused on finding ways for society to benefit from technology. In a crisp conversation with Bryn Freedman, curator of the TED Institute, Chehadé discusses the ongoing war between the West and China over artificial intelligence, how tech companies can become stewards of the power they have to shape lives and economies and what everyday citizens can do to claim power on the internet.

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How will we survive when the population hits 10 billion? | Charles C. Mann

By 2050, an estimated 10 billion people will live on earth. How are we going to provide everybody with basic needs while also avoiding the worst impacts of climate change? In a talk packed with wit and wisdom, science journalist Charles C. Mann breaks down the proposed solutions and finds that the answers fall into two camps — wizards and prophets — while offering his own take on the best path to survival.

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How we can help young people build a better future | Henrietta Fore

A massive generation of young people is about to inherit the world, and it’s the duty of everyone to give them a fighting chance for their futures, says UNICEF executive director Henrietta Fore. In this forward-looking talk, she explores the crises facing them and details an ambitious new global initiative, Generation Unlimited, which aims to ensure every young person is in school, training or employed by 2030.

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